Saint Petersburg Observatory (SPG)


Saint Petersburg Observatory is located 100 km Northwest from the city of Saint Petersburg, on a site isolated from industrial anthropogenic noises.

Saint Petersburg Observatory was founded as a geomagnetic station named "Ozero Krasnoye" in the late 1960s. At first it was a branch of the Voyeikovo magnetic and meteorological observatory maintained by the Saint Petersburg branch of the Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IZMIRAN). The Ozero Krasnoye station stopped functioning in 1990s.

In June 2012 in terms of collaboration of GC RAS and IZMIRAN a full equipment set of INTERMAGNET stadard was installed at the station. Also the GC RAS specialists measured the anomalous magnetic field and the vertical gradient of the total magnetic field on the territory around and between the observatory pavilions. Survey maps showed that the territory of the observatory is clean from any artificial magnetic disturbances.

In autumn 2012 the observation pavilions were renovated, and an azimuth mark was installed.

On April 29, 2016, the application of Saint Petersburg Observatory for the introduction into the INTERMAGNET network was accepted when the fisrt quasi-definitive data set produced in the GC RAS was approved by the INTERMAGNET experts. On June 9, 2016, Saint Petersburg Observatory was officially certified by INTERMAGNET. See the official Saint Petersburg INTERMAGNET observatory page at

Absolute pavilion

Variometer pavilion

GSM-19 proton magnetometer

FGE vector magnetometer

MinGeo DIM THEO020B theodolite with a fluxgate magnetometer

Data collecting system


Krasnoye Ozero observatory,
Lebedevka, Vyborg District, Leningrad Region 188836, Russia


Name: Dr. Yury Kopytenko

E-mail: office‹at›izmiran‹dot›spb‹dot›ru

Tel.: +7 (812) 323-78-45

Name: Dr. Anatoly Soloviev

E-mail: geomag‹at›gcras‹dot›ru

Tel.: +7 (495) 930-05-46
Fax: +7 (495) 930-05-06

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Geophysical Center of Russian Academy of Sciences